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Potential Beneficial Non-Fuel Reuse of the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility Background Information
The Department of the Navy is currently exploring and evaluating potential beneficial non-fuel repurposing options for the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility Tanks after closure.

Input for potential beneficial non-fuel reuse options and alternatives are being considered via the following sources:

  • The general public, key stakeholders, and community leaders through a public outreach plan facilitated by Nakupuna Companies, a locally owned and operated research firm, per the request of the Hawaii State Department of Health (DOH).
  • The University of Hawaii per an Office of Naval Research (ONR) grant to investigate potential energy related beneficial non-fuel reuses.
  • A Department of Defense beneficial non-fuel reuse study and feasibility/cost-benefit analyses required by the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2023.

RAND Corporation Report - Analysis of Alternative Uses for the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility - NEW
In 2021, the Secretary of Defense authorized the permanent closure of the facility, and Congress tasked the Secretary of Defense and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to commission an independent study examining potential beneficial reuse alternatives for the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility site. DoD and, more directly, DoN tasked the RAND Corporation, a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) to conduct the study.

This report is the direct result of, and fulfills, that requirement. It considers five alternatives for the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility (no beneficial reuse, energy storage using pumped hydropower, energy generation using renewable sources, water storage, and a museum) and evaluates each alternative against four criteria (executability, economics, nonfinancial considerations, and robustness to uncertainty).

 Fact Sheet: FY23 NDAA Section 336; RAND Proposed Alternatives for Consideration; Navy Red Hill Energy Storage Feasibility Study (PDF; 204 KB; 3 pages)  

RAND Corporation Report (PDF; 4.72 MB; 94 pages)*
*Disclaimer: This research was sponsored by the Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations, Installations and Logistics (N4) and conducted within the Navy and Marine Forces Program of the RAND National Security Research Division (NSRD), which operates the National Defense Research Institute (NDRI), a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense intelligence enterprise.

The results of this research are presented in accordance with legal requirements of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or planning of the U.S. Navy. For more information on the RAND Navy and Marine Forces Program, see or contact the director (contact information is provided on the webpage). Comments or questions on this draft report should be addressed to the project leader(s), Stephen Worman, at or Brian Persons, at

Nakupuna Companies Repurposing/Reuse Efforts and Reports
As part the Navy's contract with the Nakupuna Companies and their subcontractor, SMS Research, LLC, available below are reports detailing all three phases of their efforts to solicit public input regarding the re-purposing the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility (RHBFSF) once it is defueled and decommissioned. 

The reports reflect results from what was a publicly available on-line qualitative survey, a series of “talk story” style interviews (known as “soft sound” interviews) with key environmental and community stakeholders, and 
a quantitative survey designed to gather feedback from respondents representative of the adult population living in the communities surrounding Red Hill and a sample population representing Oahu.

Each report explains the methods used to collect input, outlines key findings and includes complete and unabridged responses received during the survey, soft sound and quantitative interviews.  

*Red Hill Repurposing - Quantitative Survey Report (PDF; 3.61 MB, 196 pages)
*Red Hill Repurposing - Qualitative Survey Report (PDF; 2 MB, 125 pages)
*Red Hill Repurposing - Soft Sound Interview Report (PDF; 1.14 MB; 67 pages)
*Red Hill Repurposing Survey Fact Sheet (PDF; 764 KB; 2 pages) 
*All information and/or opinions presented in the reports listed above are those of the survey respondents and do not necessarily represent the view of the Department of Defense or its components. 

The information from Nakupuna's three phases listed above along with data from the Office of Naval Research (ONR) and the University of Hawaii's efforts will be compiled into a report due to Congress in March 2024 on potential beneficial non-fuel reuse of the Red Hill Facility. Upon Congressional review, the information gathered from the public will be evaluated for feasibility, taking into account numerous factors including environmental, cultural, health, engineering, maintenance, safety, cost and benefit.

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Last Updated: 03/27/2024




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